Commemorative naval tumbler engraved with anchors and festoons suspended from a formal border of polished circles and stars with dogtooth edging. The base with cut basal flutes.
Engraved with British Admirals and their naval victories. Howe 1st June 1794, St Vincent,14th February 1797, Duncan 11th October 1797 and Nelson 1st August 1798.
Height: 11.5 cm.
English 1798 - 1800.
Lord Howe 1st June 1794
Richard Howe, Earl Howe, also called (1758–82) 4th Viscount Howe, or (1782–88) Viscount Howe of Langar, born 8th March 1726, London and died 5th August 1799.
Howe joined the navy in 1740, saw much active service, especially in North America, and was rapidly promoted. Following the death of his elder brother, on 6th July 1758, he became Viscount Howe an Irish peerage. In 1762 he was elected member of Parliament for Dartmouth. During 1763 to 1765, he was a member of the Admiralty board and from 1765 to 1770 was treasurer of the navy. In 1770 he was promoted rear admiral and in 1775 vice admiral.
Battle of the First of June, also called Battle of the Glorious First of June or Battle of Ushant, under the command of Lord Howe 1st June 1794, it was the first great naval engagement of the French Revolutionary Wars, fought between the French and the British in the Atlantic Ocean about 430 miles (690 km) west of the Breton island of (Ushant).
British casualties were recorded as 287 killed and 811 wounded. French losses have been estimated as 4,270 casualties and 3,254 captured.
St Vincent 14th February 1797
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent GCB, PC (9th January 1735 – 13th March 1823) was an admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom.
Jervis served throughout the latter half of the 18th and into the early19th century, and was an active commander during the Seven Years' War, The American War of Independence, The French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars.
The Battle of Cape St Vincent (14th February 1797) was one of the opening battles of the Anglo-Spanish War (1796–1808), as part of the French Revolutionary Wars, where a British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeated a larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal.
The Battle resulted in the British capture of four Spanish ships of the line (San Nicolás, San José, San Ysidro, and Salvator del Mundo) including two first-rates. In reward for this stunning victory, Jervis was elevated to the peerage as Earl St. Vincent, while Nelson was promoted to rear admiral and made a knight in the Order of Bath. His tactic of boarding one Spanish ship to attack another was widely admired and for several years was known as "Nelson's patent bridge for boarding enemy vessels."
British casualties were recorded as 73 killed and 327 wounded. Spanish casualties 250 killed and 550 wounded.
Duncan 11th October 1797
Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan 1st July 1731 – 4th August 1804 was a British admiral who defeated the Dutch fleet off Camperdown on 11th October 1797. This victory is considered one of the most significant actions in naval history.
The Battle of Camperdown was a major naval battle fought on 11th October 1797, between the British North Sea Fleet under Admiral Duncan and the Batavian Navy (Dutch fleet) under Vice-Admiral Jan de Winter. The battle was the most significant action between British and Dutch forces during the French Revolutionary Wars and resulted in a complete victory for the British, who captured eleven Dutch ships without losing any of their own.
British casualties were recorded as 228 killed and 812 wounded, 16 who subsequently died. Dutch casualties were reported as 540 men killed and 620 wounded.
Nelson 1st August 1798
Vice-Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, KB 29th September 1758 - 21st October 1805 was a British flag officer in the Royal Navy. He was noted for his inspirational leadership, grasp of strategy, and unconventional tactics, which together resulted in a number of decisive British naval victories, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. He was wounded several times in combat, losing the sight in one eye in Corsica at the age of 36, as well as most of one arm in the unsuccessful attempt to conquer Santa Cruz de Tenerife when 40 years of age. He was shot and killed at the age of 47 during his final victory at the Battle of Trafalgar near the Spanish port city of Cádiz in 1805.
The Battle of the Nile was a major naval battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the Navy of the French Republic at Aboukir Bay on the Mediterranean coast off the Nile Delta of Egypt from the 1st to the 3rd of August 1798. The battle was the climax of a naval campaign that had raged across the Mediterranean during the previous three months, as a large French convoy sailed from Toulon to Alexandria carrying an expeditionary force under General Napoleon Bonaparte. The British fleet was led in the battle by Rear-Admiral Sir Horatio Nelson; they decisively defeated the French under Vice-Admiral François-Paul Brueys d'Aigalliers.
The number of British casualties varies, however, it is thought that of 218 men killed and 678 wounded and French casualties are estimated to have between between 2,000 and 5,000 men.